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The shoulder moves in more directions and to greater extents than any other joint. However, because it can perform so many movements, the shoulder is vulnerable to stress and injury. Shoulder pain and injuries are common, especially among people who play sports that require overhead arm movements or perform job duties with repetitive forces or motions. Arthritis is a source of shoulder pain, stiffness, and weakness, especially as people age.
Dr. William Hovis is a board-certified, fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeon who has earned the highest credentials. Our compassionate orthopedic surgeon, orthopedic team and caring physical rehabilitation team are prepared to handle the full range of athletic, work-related, degenerative, and traumatic shoulder disorders including:

Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

The risk of rotator cuff damage increases with age, which can cause shoulder tendons and muscles to degenerate and weaken. Rotator cuff injuries can also result from sudden shoulder movements or overuse, such as pitching in baseball.
Arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery repairs the shoulder structures, and, when followed by physical therapy, can get you back in action in the shortest time possible. Learn more about rotator cuff repair and shoulder arthroscopy.

Arthroscopic Bankart Reconstruction (Instability Reconstruction)

Arthroscopic Bankart reconstruction is used to correct shoulder instability. Arthroscopic Bankart reconstruction reattaches the labrum and tightens ligaments to treat shoulder instability.

Arthroscopic Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder impingement syndrome is a painful condition that occurs when the tendons in the shoulder are irritated, inflamed, or degenerated from repetitive overhead motions or structural abnormalities in the shoulder. Arthroscopic shoulder impingement surgery is used to relieve symptoms and restore function. Learn more about arthroscopic shoulder impingement.

Arthroscopic Treatment of Shoulder Arthritis

Arthritis is a common disease that causes joint pain, stiffness, immobility, and swelling. Arthritis wears away cartilage, the protective cushion at the end of bones. Arthroscopic shoulder surgery is used to relieve pain and restore functional movement. Learn more about arthritis and shoulder arthroscopy.

Arthroscopic SLAP Repair

Arthroscopic SLAP repair is used to reattach a torn labrum to its position on the shoulder. The labrum anchors the biceps muscle to the shoulder bone. Arthroscopic SLAP repair is usually followed by several months of physical therapy.

Total Shoulder Replacement

Shoulder replacement surgery, also called arthroplasty, involves the replacement of the damaged bone and cartilage with metal and plastic implants. Total shoulder replacement is a treatment option for people with severe arthritis. Learn more about total shoulder replacement.

Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement

Reverse total shoulder replacement is an advanced newer surgical treatment used to replace a damaged shoulder joint with an artificial one. A reverse shoulder placement is used for people with certain complex shoulder conditions.
In contrast to total shoulder replacement surgery, the components of the artificial joint are placed in reversed positions to allow the deltoid muscle at the shoulder to raise the arm. Learn more about reverse total shoulder placement.

Latissimus Dorsi Transfer

Latissimus dorsi transfer is used for shoulders with chronic pain, limited movement, and irreparable rotator cuff tears with the subscapularis muscle intact. Latissimus dorsi transfer can relieve pain and restore movements that are used for daily living for people with severe shoulder rotator cuff tears.

Biceps Tendonitis

Biceps tendonitis can cause pain in weakness at the front part of the shoulder. Surgical treatment can be performed arthroscopically to reattach or detach the damaged biceps at the shoulder.

Shoulder Resurfacing

Shoulder resurfacing relieves pain and restores function for people with arthritis and other shoulder conditions. Unlike traditional total shoulder replacement, shoulder resurfacing does not remove the bones in the joint, but instead resurfaces the bone with smooth metal. Shoulder resurfacing conserves bone and is a less-invasive procedure than total shoulder replacement.

Shoulder Fracture Surgery

Shoulder fracture surgery is individualized and depends on several factors including the location, type, and extent of fracture. Some shoulder fractures may not require surgery, but can heal by being immobilized with a sling. Significant fractures that require surgery may require surgical hardware for stabilization or surgery with total surgery replacement.
Shoulder Surgery Specialist in Knoxville, TN
Call (865) 524-0054 or request an appointment online for quality orthopedic shoulder care at Hovis Orthopaedic Clinic in Knoxville, Tennessee.


Knee pain and instability is common because of arthritis and sports injuries. Advancements in orthopedic surgery techniques include alternatives to open joint surgery, such as arthroscopic surgery and a variety of partial or total joint replacement options.
Dr. William Hovis uses leading-edge knee surgery techniques, diligent follow-up care, and comprehensive physical therapy to get our patients back in the game or engaged in the activities that they enjoy as quickly as possible. Knee procedures at Hovis Orthopaedic Clinic include:

Knee Ligament Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) cross inside the knee joint. The ACL and PCL connect the thigh bone and the leg, providing knee stability. The ACL and PCL are commonly injured during sports, causing knee instability and knee dislocation.
The goal of knee ligament reconstruction is to reconstruct the knee joint to restore its function and stability, and prevent further injury. Learn more about anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.

Unicompartmental Knee Replacement

Unicompartmental, or partial, knee replacement is a minimally invasive solution for knee arthritis. With unicompartmental knee replacement, only the damaged area of the knee joint is replaced.
Unicompartmental knee replacement conserves healthy bone and is associated with a shorter recovery time than total knee replacement surgery. Learn more about partial knee replacement.

Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement surgery involves removing the damaged portion of the knee and replacing it with artificial implants. Knee arthroplasty is the most common type of joint replacement surgery. It is highly successful for relieving pain and restoring joint function. Learn more about total knee replacement.

Arthroscopic Cartilage Restoration

The menisci are cartilage structures in the knee joint that act as buffers between the bones. The menisci are vulnerable to injury, especially during twisting motions used for sports. Arthroscopic surgery treats the damaged cartilage without opening the knee joint. Learn more about treating meniscus tears.
Types of arthroscopic cartilage restoration performed at Hovis Orthopaedic Clinic include:
  • Meniscus Transplant
  • Microfracture
  • OATS (Osteochondral Autograft Transfer or Allograft Transplant)
  • Meniscal Transplant


Meniscectomy removes part or all of a torn meniscus. The location of torn cartilage is one factor that helps decide if the meniscus can heal or not. Some locations do not have an adequate blood supply to heal and need to be removed. Learn more about treating meniscus tears.

High Tibial Osteotomy

High tibial osteotomy realigns the leg alignment to correct "bowlegs." By correcting the knee alignment, the joint cartilage wears more evenly. High tibial osteotomy can help prevent or delay knee arthritis and knee replacement.
Expert Knee Surgery in Knoxville, TN
Call (865) 524-0054 or request an appointment online for quality orthopedic knee care at Hovis Orthopaedic Clinic in Knoxville, Tennessee.

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